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Book Title: احلام يقظة جوال منفرد|
The author of the book: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 392 KB
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Reader ratings: 4.2
Edition: المركز القومي للترجمة
Date of issue: 2009
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
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If you read his Confessions, which is one of the great autobiographies, possibly the greatest, you will learn that Jean-Jacques Rousseau felt himself persecuted by virtually everyone with whom he was associated. Even famous figures of the day such as Denis Diderot and the Scottish Philosopher David Hume were counted by Rousseau as his tormentors. Although, from my perspective, I am not qualified to pass judgment on the poor man (as he saw himself), I do feel that possibly he was a bit too tightly wound up for most human relationships. Consider, for instance, that he placed all his children by his wife Therese LeVasseur in an orphanage rather than bring them up himself.
The Reveries of the Solitary Walker has a kind of Oedipus at Colonus feeling about it: Rousseau is nearing the end of his life and looks back on what brings him tranquility in the midst of all his agitation. Among these things is botany, long walks, and joy in meeting simple people (especially children) who do not recognize him. (Apparently Rousseau had a complex about being recognized, as he often was, living as he did in Paris.)
I have always considered Rousseau as perhaps one of the most fascinating of all authors who is at the same time so wrong-headed. At the same time I say to myself that this man is so very wrong, I also admit, “But this is really interesting nonetheless.”
The Reveries were my first introduction to Rousseau, and I would recommend them to anyone who would like an introduction to him. If a reader finds himself alternately drawn to and repelled by Rousseau, he should move on to The Confessions and then Emile. The man is nothing if not sincere, nothing if not brilliant, nothing if not so incredibly f----d up.
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Read information about the authorJean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, both because of his contributions to political philosophy and moral psychology and because of his influence on later thinkers. Rousseau's own view of philosophy and philosophers was firmly negative, seeing philosophers as the post-hoc rationalizers of self-interest, as apologists for various forms of tyranny, and as playing a role in the alienation of the modern individual from humanity's natural impulse to compassion. The concern that dominates Rousseau's work is to find a way of preserving human freedom in a world where human beings are increasingly dependent on one another for the satisfaction of their needs. This concern has two dimensions: material and psychological, of which the latter has greater importance. In the modern world, human beings come to derive their very sense of self from the opinion of others, a fact which Rousseau sees as corrosive of freedom and destructive of individual authenticity. In his mature work, he principally explores two routes to achieving and protecting freedom: the first is a political one aimed at constructing political institutions that allow for the co-existence of free and equal citizens in a community where they themselves are sovereign; the second is a project for child development and education that fosters autonomy and avoids the development of the most destructive forms of self-interest. However, though Rousseau believes the co-existence of human beings in relations of equality and freedom is possible, he is consistently and overwhelmingly pessimistic that humanity will escape from a dystopia of alienation, oppression, and unfreedom. In addition to his contributions to philosophy, Rousseau was active as a composer and a music theorist, as the pioneer of modern autobiography, as a novelist, and as a botanist. Rousseau's appreciation of the wonders of nature and his stress on the importance of feeling and emotion made him an important influence on and anticipator of the romantic movement. To a very large extent, the interests and concerns that mark his philosophical work also inform these other activities, and Rousseau's contributions in ostensibly non-philosophical fields often serve to illuminate his philosophical commitments and arguments.
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